By real world samples (like searching github or KDE software sources) it seems people are not sure whether to include or not to include the ".desktop" suffix for the value passed in QGuiApplication::desktopFileName . So it would help to explicitly state this in the API dox.
My proposal would be:
favour the suffix-less variant in the API dox, given that usually any processing code only needs the suffix-less variant (actually there might be only one, which is QWaylandWindow::initWindow()). At the same time state that for backward compatibility with some clients also a .desktop suffix is supported and could be expected as value, but deprecated in use.
By the real world examples using that property, the majority of KDE software sets the desktopFileName property via KF KCoreAddons' KAboutData class (cmp. API dox , which itself expects the value without the suffix and also passes it on to QGuiApplication without the suffix.
Same for felt half of hits on github.
When fixing the API dox, the related test in qtbase/tests/auto/gui/kernel/qguiapplication/tst_qguiapplication.cpp should be adapted as well, given it serves some people as sample.